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Cholesterol-Lowering Medications

Along with suggesting that you change the way you eat and exercise regularly, your doctor may prescribe medication to help lower your cholesterol.

Medications help to control but does not "cure" high blood cholesterol. Therefore, the medication must be continued to keep your cholesterol level in the recommended range.

Even if you starting taking cholesterol-lowering medication, you will need to continue with other lifestyle changes.

The five major types of cholesterol-lowering medicines are:


Bile acid sequestrants

Nicotinic acid


Ezetimibe (Zetia®)

When you are under treatment, you will be checked regularly to:

You may take medicines for other health problems. It is important that you take ALL medicines as your doctor prescribes. The combination of medicines may lower your risk for heart disease or heart attack.

When trying to lower your cholesterol or keep it low, it is important to remember to follow your treatments for other conditions you may have, such as high blood pressure. Get help with quitting smoking and losing weight if they are risk factors for you.

Reference: National Heart Lung and Blood Institute

Last updated May 3, 2017