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A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure that removes all or part of the uterus. The procedure may also remove the fallopian tubes, ovaries and/or the cervix.

A hysterectomy may be recommended to treat a variety of gynecologic conditions, including the following:

Your doctor will recommend a hysterectomy based on several factors, including the following:

Having a hysterectomy means that you will no longer be able to get pregnant. Talk to your partner or spouse before deciding to have a hysterectomy. This process cannot be reversed, so be certain about your choice before having the surgery.

If you have not gone through menopause and are considering a hysterectomy, talk to your health care provider about keeping your ovaries. The ovaries make hormones that help maintain bone density and sexual health even if the uterus is removed. If your body can continue to make these hormones on its own, you might not need hormone replacement after the hysterectomy. In some cases, the removal of the ovaries may be required to achieve the desired outcome.

Types of Hysterectomies

Hysterectomies may be categorized by the organs that are removed. Types of hysterectomies include:

Hysterectomy Procedures

A hysterectomy may be performed in a variety of ways. Newer techniques may be less invasive, resulting in a faster recovery times and less risk of scarring compared to traditional procedures.

Types of surgical techniques include the following:

All medical procedures present risks, including potential blood loss, infection and damage to other internal organs. Be sure to speak with your doctor about possible risks.

Reference: National Institutes of Child Health and Human Development