There are a variety of medications that may be prescribed to help control symptoms that may develop over time.
These medications do not treat the underlying cause of multiple sclerosis, but can improve a person's function and comfort.
The medication prescribed depends on the specific symptom being treated, its severity, and the person's response to past treatments.
Some commonly prescribed medications include the following:
- Spasticity - diazepam (Valium®), tizanidine (Zanaflex®), diazepam (Valium®), clonazepam (Klonopin®), dantrolene (Dantrium®), intrathecal baclofen (ITB®), or botulinum toxin.
- MS-related fatique - amantadine, fluoxetine (Prozac®), modafinil (Prozac®), armodafinil (Nuvigil®).
- Bladder dysfunction - Hytrin®, Flomax®, Oxytrol®.
- Depression - Celexa®, Cymbalta®, Effexor®, Prozac®, Wellbutrin®, Zoloft®.
- Pain - amitriptyline, carbamazepine, Cymbalta®, gabapentin.
Reference: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)