Physicians have a wide range of therapies to choose from when determining a stroke patient's best therapeutic plan.
The type of stroke therapy a patient should receive depends upon the stage of disease.
Generally there are three treatment stages for stroke:
- therapy immediately after stroke, and
- post-stroke rehabilitation.
Therapies to prevent a first or recurrent stroke are based on treating an individual's underlying risk factors for stroke, such as hypertension, atrial fibrillation, and diabetes, or preventing the widespread formation of blood clots that can cause ischemic stroke in everyone, whether or not risk factors are present.
Acute stroke therapies try to stop a stroke while it is happening by quickly dissolving a blood clot causing the stroke or by stopping the bleeding of a hemorrhagic stroke. The purpose of post-stroke rehabilitation is to overcome disabilities that result from stroke damage.
Therapies for stroke include:
- Surgery, or
Reference: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)