Healthy lifestyle habits, proper use of medicines, and regular medical care can prevent high blood pressure or its complications.
Preventing High Blood Pressure Onset
Healthy lifestyle habits can help prevent high blood pressure from developing. It is important to check your blood pressure regularly.
Children should have their blood pressure checked starting at 3 years of age. If prehypertension is detected, it should be taken seriously to avoid progressing to high blood pressure.
Preventing Worsening High Blood Pressure or Complications
If you have been diagnosed with high blood pressure, it is important to obtain regular medical care and to follow your prescribed treatment plan, which will include healthy lifestyle habit recommendations and possibly medicines. Not only can healthy lifestyle habits prevent high blood pressure from occurring, but they can reverse prehypertension and help control existing high blood pressure or prevent complications and long-term problems associated with this condition, such as coronary heart disease, stroke, or kidney disease.
If You Have Normal Blood Pressure
If you don't have high blood pressure (hypertension), you can take steps to prevent it. Healthy lifestyle habits can help you maintain normal blood pressure.
- Follow a healthy diet. Limit the amount of sodium (salt) and alcohol that you consume.
- Be physically active. Routine physical activity can lower hypertension and reduce your risk for other health problems.
- Maintain a healthy weight. Staying at a healthy weight can help you control your blood pressue and reduce your risk for other health problems.
- Quit smoking. Smoking can damage your blood vessels and raise your risk for hypertension. Smoking also can worsen health problems related to hypertension.
- Learn to manage and cope with stress. Learning how to manage stress, relax, and cope with problems can improve your emotional and physical health.
Many people who adopt these healthy lifestyle habits are able to prevent or delay the development of high blood pressure. The more lifestyle changes you make, the more likely you are to lower your blood pressure and avoid related health problems.
Reference: National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute
Last updated May 3, 2017
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