Infertility is the inability to conceive after one year of unprotected intercourse. Infertility can be brought on by many factors, including:

  • Endometriosis 
  • Male factor infertility
  • Unexplained infertility
  • Problems with the ovaries
  • Blocked or scarred fallopian tubes 

Infertility is a delicate subject and the best options for you and your partner should be discussed with your doctor.

There are several treatment options for infertility. These options include:

Medical therapy is the initial treatment option for correcting ovulation dysfunction—irregular or infrequent periods. The first line of treatment is an oral medication. These medications typically induce normal ovulation in more than 80 percent of patients. However, only about half of these women conceive. 

Reproductive surgery can typically be performed endoscopically on an outpatient basis. Using a laparoscope inserted through the naval, the procedure can be successful in removing scar tissue, treating endometriosis, removing cysts on the ovaries, and unblocking the fallopian tubes. 

Intrauterine insemination refers to an office procedure in which semen are placed into the uterus using a catheter inserted through the cervix. 

Assisted reproductive technologies include:

  • In vitro fertilization where the eggs are fertilized in a culture dish and placed into the uterus. When monitoring shows that the eggs are mature, they are collected nonsurgically. The sperm are collected and added to the eggs in a culture dish. Several days later, two to three fertilized eggs are returned to the uterus using a catheter. 
  • Intracytoplasmic sperm injection involves injecting a single sperm directly into each mature egg using a micro-needle. 
  • Pre-implantation genetic testing (PGD) is performed on a single cell taken from 3-day old embryos produced by IVF. It is an option for patients who are at increased risk for having miscarriages or a child with a genetic problem. 

 For a consultation or appointment, call us at (516) 365-6167.


© 2012 Dr. Eskandar J. Simhaee, M.D., 1201 Northern Boulevard, Manhasset, NY 11030

Last updated: February 14, 2012.

This information is for general educational uses only. It may not apply to you and your personal medical needs. This information should not be used in place of a visit, call, consultation with or the advice of your physician or health care professional.

Communicate promptly with your physician or other health care professional with any health-related questions or concerns.

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